The European Union has developed an artificial intelligence strategy to simplify research and rules and regulations. It’s focusing on building a trustworthy environment. The European Union’s approach to this new technology is to implement a legal framework to address fundamental rights and safety risks. It plans to implement rules to address liability issues. It also plans to revise the sectoral safety legislation and modify the rules and regulations. The new framework grants developers, deployers, and users a certain amount of clarity if it becomes necessary for them to intervene if legislation does not cover the issues.
Artificial intelligence can be used in critical infrastructures such as manufacturing and transportation. This technology can be used in education and vocational training such as preparing, taking, and scoring exams. Robotic technologies are already being used in medical products that would allow robot-assisted medical procedures. Law enforcement agencies can use this technology but they should not interfere with the general public’s fundamental rights (e.g., free speech, religious beliefs, privacy). The state and federal courts can use it for assistance in evidence comparison and evaluation. Biometric technology can also be used in conjunction with artificial intelligence.
On April 21, 2021, the European Commission has published a proposed set of laws to regulate the usage of artificial intelligence in its jurisdictions. The Artificial Intelligence Act consolidates a risk-based approach on the pyramid of criticality to assess the risks. There are four major risk levels starting from minimal risk, limited risk, high risk, and unacceptable risk. This proposed legislation implements a new enforcement agency called the European Artificial Intelligence Board (“EAIB”) which consists of national supervisors who will have oversight power. The Artificial Intelligence Act will have an extraterritorial effect on all providers, marketers, or distributors whose products or services reach the European Union’s market. This regulation defines artificial intelligence as a collection of software development frameworks that include machine learning, expert and logic systems, and statistical methods.