The Fourth Industrial Revolution is another name for the quantum technology movement. Quantum computers are in the process of being developed at this time and it will continue to impact the legal system and our daily lives. It will also impact data privacy and national security on various levels.
Conventional computers have obvious limitations which can be surpassed by quantum computers. First, conventional computers use binary bits (i.e., 0s and 1s) to operate which presents a significant limitation. Second, as a result of the aforesaid limitation, they cannot operate as quickly and efficiently. Therefore, the simple fact that quantum computers operate by using superposition and entanglement, allows them to yield a lot more power than conventional computers. So, in other words, their computing power has an extremely higher capability which can have a positive effect on medical research, business analyses, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and other technologies. However, there is a potential problem with quantum computers with error correction issues which can be fixed according to the experts. So, in summary, the final objective is to build a fully error-corrected quantum computer which can manage all disruptions.
The cybersecurity infrastructures in the private and public sectors can be affected by this emerging technology. The private sector which owns, manages, or operates a vast amount of sensitive data at local and remote locations (e.g., cloud servers) can be directly impacted. The public sector will also be affected for the same reasons. There are various types of intellectual properties (e.g., patents, trademarks, copyrights) that have been stored on private and public organization’s network servers. These valuable documents, include, but may not limited to, trade secrets which should be properly protected from public access.