International internet laws are related to international commercial disputes, jurisdiction, judgment enforcement, free speech and censorship, e-commerce transactions, intellectual property rights, or cybersecurity and privacy.
International commercial disputes can take place in foreign jurisdictions since the internet has no borders. The internet comprises of commercial, educational, governmental, and international networks that use certain communication protocols – e.g., TCP/IP, UDP, ICMP, HTTP, POP, FTP, IMAP – to communicate with each other. These protocols are used for data transmission across computer networks. For example, TCP/IP enables data exchange by providing end-to-end communications. UDP is used by software programs to transmit short datagram messages. ICMP is used for diagnostics and generating system error reports. HTTP, which stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol, is a client-server protocol that permits access to web resources. POP is used to extract and download emails from a remote server. FTP, which stands for File Transfer Protocol, is used to send or receive files to or from a server and client computer. IMAP, which stands for Internet Message Access Protocol, is used by email clients to download messages from a mail server. In short, these protocols are used to send and receive electronic information across the network of computers.
The issue of jurisdiction is important because there could be various reasons why a state or federal court would not choose to exercise authority over the parties. The courts have set out parameters for determining whether they can exercise jurisdiction. These parameters include the location of parties, defendant’s physical presence in the jurisdiction, and nature of violations towards the plaintiff.