Cybersecurity is paramount to secure online communications whether they are for sending or receiving sensitive or confidential information – e.g., trade secrets, intellectual properties, financial information. Many people assume they are protected on the internet when transferring or receiving files over computer networks. They may attach tax-related documents to their message and press the send button without hesitation. What most people do not realize is that information may be intercepted without authorization. Now, most laws require “reasonable security measures” to ensure the privacy of confidential records.
What are the state laws?
There is no single state law that applies to all cybersecurity-related issues. So, every state has promulgated several statutes in order to address and promote cybersecurity. These state laws are usually similar in their nature and scope. For example, California recently passed the California Consumer Privacy Act (“CCPA”) codified under Civil Code Sections 1798.100, et seq., to enhance consumer privacy rights. It grants consumers the right to know what kind of personal information is being collected about them, whether the personal information is sold or disclosed, to refuse the sale of their personal information, to gain access to their personal information, to request deletion of their personal information, and to not be discriminated against for exercising their privacy rights.